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Main » 2011 » May » 6 » Stations comma in the relationship between Muslims and Copts
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Stations comma in the relationship between Muslims and Copts

Stations comma in the relationship between Muslims and Copts
source : Elmassry Newspaper
 

By: Magdy Khalil

This marks a comma revealing provided in summary form to show to what extent the suffering of Christians in their homeland, and reveal the dimensions of the contemporary crisis between the people of one nation.

There are a number of landmark events in the last four decades chronicling the strained relationship between Muslims and Copts in Egypt and Tattabramaalm guidance describes the nature of the crisis and the different dimensions can be summarized in the following:
First: the events and the beginning of Khanka Toriek contemporary violence against the Copts
On November 6, 1972 The extremists burned the headquarters of the Bible Society Khanka district in Cairo, which were held in the church prayers. Has taken researchers at the relationship between Muslims and Copts this date as the starting point for Toriek contemporary crisis for several reasons, including, he was the event which launched the move from Nasser to phase-Sadat, and he was an important point in the complex relationship later between President Sadat and Pope Shenouda III, but he was before the October war, the State has taken action to diffuse the tension before the war, and because he was the only event in the events of so much violence against the Copts, who was referred to the people to study it in detail and issue a full report were not implemented recommendations yet, but it proved ill-intention of the State and Sadat especially and was capable of signing of evil and its role in planning the persecution of Copts later.
There are a number of landmark events in the last four decades chronicling the strained relationship between Muslims and Copts in Egypt and Tattabramaalm guidance describes the nature of the crisis and the different dimensions can be summarized in the following:
First: the events and the beginning of Khanka Toriek contemporary violence against the Copts
On November 6, 1972 The extremists burned the headquarters of the Bible Society Khanka district in Cairo, which were held in the church prayers. Has taken researchers at the relationship between Muslims and Copts this date as the starting point for Toriek contemporary crisis for several reasons, including, he was the event which launched the move from Nasser to phase-Sadat, and he was an important point in the complex relationship later between President Sadat and Pope Shenouda III, but he was before the October war, the State has taken action to diffuse the tension before the war, and because he was the only event in the events of so much violence against the Copts, who was referred to the people to study it in detail and issue a full report were not implemented recommendations yet, but it proved ill-intention of the State and Sadat especially and was capable of signing of evil and its role in planning the persecution of Copts later.
Second: the red corner ... And state intervention against the Copts
The events of red corner, which took place against the Copts in the June 17, 1981 and extended to count the days top violence directed against them, and intervention traveled and the complicity of a public security forces, led by former Interior Minister Nabawi Ismail, has become the battle of an individual on a piece of land to the massacre of Copts and looting and sabotage, and broad property, however, bands Islamic and full protection of the security forces killed more than a hundred Coptic where the press reported the world the killing of 100 to 200 Christians in this massacre, and a male and a former interior minister, Hassan Abu Basha, the number of dead Christians account for 81 a Coptic Christian in his speech to the pyramids at the international and Download Nabawi Ismail responsibility for events. The President Sadat went to the people and spoke the language like Brdh talk show about the battle between two women, Muslim and Coptic on the wash water caused civil strife claimed the lives of nine people dead so he said, and then In the September 5, 1981 gave Sadat speech in which he announced that "President of the Muslim to a Muslim country" This clearly means that the spiritual father of the Islamic guerrilla infidels in Egypt.
Serious red corner it's the beginning manifestations of the intervention of the Security Bosphorus against Copts and, unfortunately, resulted in a customary rule in effect so far, that any violent battle between a Muslim and a Coptic must be won by Muslims and only leave gangs Islamic bringing justice to the Copts complicity and encouragement of the security forces and what happened in Kafr safety in December 2005 the best proof of that.
Third: The amendment to Article II of the Constitution and the culmination of the Islamization of Egypt
On May 22, 1980 was the formal amendment to Article II of the Egyptian Constitution to become law the main source of legislation, and the adjustment came the culmination of the sabotage, which he did Sadat in Egypt and the region in the building of the current Islamic terrorist world, which Egypt was the cornerstone of it. And since that date and until this moment and this article struck influence in legislation and provisions and in the public order and in the Islamization of many aspects of life in Egypt, and it is enough to say that the program of the Muslim Brotherhood, spoiler, which was circulated in August 25, 2007, according to a Dibajith It was based on Article II of the Constitution. As decided by Abdel-Azim Ramadan, that the program of Islamization of Egypt in the era of Sadat's Department of Egyptian society to a society already Moslemsn of the Copts and the community has reached broad end can not be amiss, and spent the idea of ​​national unity established by the July Revolution in 1919 by the Egyptian delegation. And dealing with Hala Mustafa, the impact of this article on Egypt in the Journal of Democracy the number of January 25, 2007, saying "the amendment to Sharia has radically altered the nature of the state, its political, legal, cultural, media, and instead essentially the content of individual rights and freedoms of civil and public, as well as citizenship rights and freedom of expression. Words One such article was devoted constitutionally, legally and politically, the principle of overlap between state and religion, politics and ideology replaced the old populist Arab nationalism of another populist Islamic. "
Fourth: The arrests in September and looseness of Copts in the face of the event
In his speech on September 5, 1981 announced Sadat repeal Presidential Decree 2782 of 1971 set Shenouda, Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of Saint Mark Episcopate, although Sadat's decision this is not the origin of the position, but revealing his only choice of the Patriarch is the work of spiritual ritual for Christians only, and the approval of the state comes down to the desire of the Copts, also said Abdel-Azim Ramadan in his book (the groups of atonement in Egypt), "This event is not unprecedented in the history of modern Egypt, was not Sadat in this decision is based on any law or the Constitution or the traditions, because the only body which has the right to dismiss the Pope according to the traditions of the Coptic Church is the Holy Synod and to be after the accountability shown by the evidence of the charge of heresy or sale level clerical or madness is curable. and if a Holy Synod decision isolation, it would need the approval of the heads of the major Churches in the world. " Although this event is abnormal and rare in Egyptian history except that on the morning of September 6, 1981 did not move the Copts did not rise up against naked aggression on their dignity and their right to religious and to their father's spiritual., Except for members of countless in the Diaspora continued street Coptic to surrender and Khanuah even back pope in January 1985 .. It is the height of negative laxity and the summit and the summit of indifference, the absence of objection arises and Copts and pretending to an event such as this on what protesting permission. This event proved that Christians need to work too much until the rise of protest have a roof to the required level and decent.
Fifth: the release of detainees, September and humiliate the Pope
After the fall of Sadat dead at the October 6, 1981, however, bands that reared and nurtured, released his successor Hosni Mubarak for more than 1500 people of the symbols of society that Sadat arrested, and were received at the presidential palace, but he kept on Pope Shenouda depends on his mandatory until January 13, 1985. There is no justification for this one to keep only persistence in the humiliation of the Pope and humiliate the Copts, and indulging in humiliation came back His Holiness the Pope by a presidential decree flawed reading "will be reset Shenouda III, Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of Saint Mark Episcopate," and all this gave the impression early for the presidency of Mubarak, which has suffered the Copts, during which from the top of the political marginalization, violence, discrimination and frequent crude and systematic persecution.
Sixth: the Ibn Khaldun and denied the status of Copts as a minority
In the period from 12 to 15 May 1994 Ibn Khaldun Center held a conference on the rights of minorities in the Middle East in Limassol, Cyprus, after the rejection of Egypt and all Arab countries to take place on its soil. At the time, endowed with the Egyptian government and media and intellectuals to deny that the Copts are a minority and so are deprived of international safeguards and rights stipulated by international conventions regarding the rights of minorities and protect them. Strange that the party who rant that the Copts are not a minority but part of the fabric did not put in a Coptic one in the elections that followed the conference. The main purpose of the festival denied the status of Copts as a minority Huazlhm for interaction with the internationally recognized rights, and also isolated the Coptic Church for centuries of the Church Ecumenical want to isolate the Copts from the merger in the current international human rights. And fight the government until this moment, in international forums to deny the characterization of the Copts as a minority, has added the word citizenship in Aldstorltazaid play in international forums, and not to treat the real flaw in the citizenship of the Copts. Has signed in time for the church and political mistake to respond to government pressure and denied the minority status of the Copts, and months later, the church has been unable to put pressure on this government for the nomination of several Copts in the lists of the National Party and thus provided a free service to the government as usual.

Seventh: the 1995 elections and the summit of political marginalization of the Copts
In the 1995 elections did not put the National Party and a Copt and one on the lists, and this was the culmination of the marginalization of the political, which followed a ruling party, has justified the National Party of this resolution exclusionary extermination of the Copts in political life that the Copts do not pass and they can not compete, even though every election has been infected by fraud and forgery and fraud, and this according to the provisions of the Court of Cassation in scores of rulings that ruled null circuits specific, and although the committee monitoring the 1995 elections, which led by our teacher the late Dr. Said El-Naggar has issued a detailed report on the forgery, fraud and thuggery, which occurred at the time, and despite also scandals Vice drugs and fugitives from recruitment and Vice-loans ... All of this fraud, forgery and fraud, claiming that the Copts are not succeeding and whether they are successful and others, many members of the National Party, even without fraud Ckkon accuse others and in their ability to succeed?.
What do the National Party was an expression of honest vision for this party to the role of Copts in political life and an expression of political marginalization meant that the Copts suffered under the current system.
VIII: Kosheh and the absence of justice
As the 1995 elections an expression of the top political marginalization was Kosheh incident that took place in December 31, 1999 and continued until January 3, 2000 to express the complete absence of justice for the blood of Christians, despite the occurrence of 21 people Copts hands of neighbors known to them, and despite the presence of witnesses made the details of the perpetrators and names and descriptions, although in villages and rural areas of Egypt, everyone knows some ... Despite all this, the judicial rulings came to infect the Copts disappointed in the justice ... The judge turned to a man truncates the perpetrators of the law and seeks to achieve the spirit of justice as defined by the human conscience to a social Msalj seeks to establish a social reconciliation on the blood of the victims of the Copts.
IX: Wafaa Constantine and the targeting of Coptic
The case of Mrs. Wafaa Constantine in December 2004 to open a gaping wound sustained for decades in targeting and depletion of the Coptic family, and demonstrations were an expression of pain and pent pent-up for the cause of Coptic girls, and since then have raised their voices high with respect to the Copts by targeting their daughters. The abolition of the Ministry of Interior for advice and guidance sessions after the incident, an expression of the Islamization of Coptic try out any role for the family or church. This issue has been discovered off point of the Copts, during and after the size of the security complicity in relation to this matter and the size of calcification intellectual and religious intolerance to the other in the street, the press and culture.
X.: Andrew and Mario and the plight of Copts in the face of law
Perhaps revealed the cause of Alotfin Andrew and Mario harsh Islamic law on the family Coptic, issues experienced by the Christians for decades, and there are children in infancy wrested forcibly from the arms of their mothers after Islam, the Father, and there are provisions of judicial racism came in one of these provisions "that a Muslim is a person Sharif and that it is not a Muslim he lacks honor "(case in 2473, Ms. Zainab year 53 judicial" and sentenced to another as a nursery or Coptic her son, who gave up his father and the court said "it is feared to be affected by the child habits of disbelief that stayed with the mother" (Case No. 17 for the year 61 judicial court of appeal Alexandria. "
Were collected in the past months dozens of court rulings that were issued against the Copts since 1980 to 2007 affected the second article of the constitution will be written next to Odmha, God willing.
You have arrived coercion to force children to perform test of faith and religion to declare publicly that they do not believe in it and they are committed to Bchristithm, is there a law of oppression against the Copts more than this?.
Eleventh: Mohamed Hegazy and the absence of religious freedom
Revealed the case of Mohammed Hegazy raised in July 2007 and continuing until now about the absence of religious freedom for Muslims in all Islamic countries, in Afghanistan, which liberated by U.S. forces of terrorism, America were unable to protect the religious freedoms of a person wanted to leave Islam own free will and was forced to resort to Italy, leaving his and its people, and in Egypt live Mohamed Hegazy, and with him a lot of converts under constant threat and are useless and isolated socially and pursued security, and deprived of all rights of citizenship, and Lhz were considered for the Commission on Human Rights of the United Nations, who turns from Islam in Egypt die "legal" and some were seeking in Egypt for the application of apostasy him to die "physically" as well. It is a situation reflects the chronic crisis in Islamic societies is the almost complete absence of religious freedom as defined by the human conscience.
Twelfth: the program of the Brotherhood and form their own state if the sentence
On April 3, 1997, said leader of the former Mustafa famous for Al-Ahram Weekly that "reference power is the Islamic Sharia, and that the Copts should pay tribute to an alternative to joining the army so as not to side with Christians, who in its ranks to a row enemies when you fight a Christian state", ie the accused Copts treason and dropped them the right to citizenship and brought them back for ages under the status of dhimmi humiliation ugly. On August 25, 2007 deployment of the Muslim Brotherhood, the program of their party proposal or rather the program state to come, God forbid came the worst of the statements Mustafa famous not only for the Copts alone, but to face Egypt and the Middle East as a whole, and gave staff a religious state Thiioukratip integrated does not exist for the Copts in Kmwatunaiin but under the protection of Islamic and service project, the Islamic Bank, "Valtp Jobs religious background, is responsible for the protection and guarding of Islam and the protection of its affairs, and Tllk jobs are in the Head of State and the Prime Minister in accordance with the existing political," and that "the decision of war is a decision legitimate, ie it must be based on the purposes and principles set by the Islamic Sharia, and the President of the Republic if the decision was made to the war is responsible for the side's legitimate to do with this war, and this is an Islamic duty is committed, "and there is the religious control in everything, including the decisions of the President of the Republic" must be on the Legislature to request the opinion body of senior religious scholars in the nation, and left it on the decisions of the President in the absence of legislative authority, "and" reference applies Islamic law, which correspond to the vision of the nation through the parliamentary majority. " War is a legitimate mandate, and education must be an Islamic, anti-crime Islamic curriculum, and state and religious functions, and senior scientists that control everything from abandoned women and Copts, and must return to the religious and Ktatib Economy takes a Bamnahj Islamic ..... Etc.
Gone back later to read the detailed spoiler for this program
This marks a comma revealing provided in summary form to show to what extent the suffering of Christians in their homeland, and reveal the dimensions of the contemporary crisis between the people of one nation.



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